ABC News reported that an American and Australian professor were kidnapped at gunpoint outside the university on Sunday.
Kabul police chief Abdel Rahman Rahimi confirmed the kidnapping.
The pair was abducted near the university campus by gunmen wearing the uniform of the Afghan forces, local media reported.
The Australian embassy in Afghanistan is seeking to verify reports of the kidnapping, a spokesperson from the Department of Foreign Affairs told Australian news agency AAP.
The US State Department also confirmed the reports of the kidnapping, saying “due to privacy considerations, we have no information to offer.”
The news comes days after the Taliban claimed responsibility for an attack on a group of foreign tourists in western Afghanistan.
In July, Taliban leader Haibatullah Akhundzada claimed an end to foreign occupation would bring unity to Afghanistan.
An Indian aid worker kidnapped in Kabul in June was rescued in July and returned to India.
According to Professor Sreeram Chaulia, of the Jindal School of International Affairs in Delhi, Afghanistan is experiencing a security crisis, and America, China and Pakistan’s efforts to broker a peace deal with the Taliban has proven fruitless.